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Causes and risk factors of hemorrhoids in pregnancy
Pregnancy can be a beautiful and exciting time for expecting mothers. However, it’s no secret that it can also come with its fair share of discomforts. One common annoyance that many pregnant women face is the development of hemorrhoids. Understanding the causes and risk factors associated with hemorrhoids during pregnancy can help you prevent and manage this condition more effectively.
Impact of increased pressure on blood vessels
During pregnancy, your growing baby and expanding uterus put pressure on the veins surrounding your rectum. This increased pressure can cause the blood vessels in this area to become swollen and inflamed, leading to the development of hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids are essentially swollen, itchy, and sometimes painful veins around the anus or lower rectum. They can be either external or internal, with the external ones being more easily visible and prone to discomfort.
Effect of constipation during pregnancy
Constipation is another common issue during pregnancy, thanks to a surge in certain hormones that can slow down your digestive system. When you’re constipated, you’re more likely to strain during bowel movements, and this additional pressure can lead to the development or worsening of hemorrhoids.
To help prevent constipation, make sure you’re staying well-hydrated, eating plenty of fiber-rich foods, and engaging in regular exercise, as recommended by your healthcare provider.
Role of hormones in hemorrhoid development
As previously mentioned, hormonal changes during pregnancy can impact multiple aspects of your body, including your blood vessels. Specifically, the hormone progesterone increases during pregnancy, causing the walls of your blood vessels to relax. This can lead to the expansion and swelling of the blood vessels around your anus and rectum, resulting in hemorrhoids.
Progesterone also contributes to constipation by slowing down the movement of food through your intestines, further increasing your risk of developing hemorrhoids.
Factors that heighten the risk of hemorrhoids in pregnancy
While any pregnant woman can develop hemorrhoids, certain factors can increase your risk:
- A history of hemorrhoids before pregnancy
- Being overweight or obese
- A family history of hemorrhoids
- Spending long periods sitting or standing without breaks
- Aging, as the risk of hemorrhoids increases with age
To minimize your risk, try to maintain a healthy weight before and during pregnancy, and take steps to prevent constipation and unnecessary straining during bowel movements. Make sure to stay active and change positions frequently to avoid prolonged pressure on your blood vessels.
Remember, it’s always best to consult your healthcare provider if you’re experiencing hemorrhoids during pregnancy, as they can guide you on the most appropriate treatments and preventative measures for your specific situation.
Understanding the Different Types of Hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids can be an uncomfortable topic to discuss, but they’re quite common, especially during pregnancy. In fact, up to 3 out of 4 pregnant women experience hemorrhoids at some point in their pregnancy journey. To help you deal with hemorrhoids with ease, let’s first have a look at the different types and classifications of hemorrhoids.
Yikes! Just the word “internal” sounds painful, doesn’t it? But fear not, internal hemorrhoids are usually painless. You might not even notice them until you see a bit of blood on the toilet paper. These types of hemorrhoids develop inside the rectum and are characterized by bright red bleeding during bowel movements. Although usually not painful, internal hemorrhoids can cause some discomfort when passing stool.
Now, if you’re thinking, “Alright, no biggie! A little bit of blood isn’t too bad,” you might want to hold your horses. If left unattended, internal hemorrhoids can worsen, and develop into prolapsed hemorrhoids, which can be quite painful. A prolapsed hemorrhoid is when the hemorrhoid protrudes outside the anus and can sometimes cause a visible bulge and discomfort during bowel movements. So, it’s always best to treat hemorrhoids as early as possible to avoid any unnecessary complications.
Okay, brace yourself for this one – external hemorrhoids can be quite painful. These bad boys form under the skin around the anus and can cause itching, pain, and even swelling. External hemorrhoids can make simple activities, like sitting or walking, unbearable. And, if you’re thinking that pregnancy couldn’t possibly get more uncomfortable, external hemorrhoids might just prove you wrong.
But don’t worry, it’s not all doom and gloom. The good news is that external hemorrhoids are treatable. With the right care and treatment, they can shrink and reduce in size until they no longer cause discomfort. So, if you think you’ve got a case of external hemorrhoids, don’t hesitate to speak with your doctor to get the proper advice and treatment to nip them in the bud.
Alright, so we’ve come to the final boss – thrombosed hemorrhoids. Thrombosed refers to the formation of a blood clot within the hemorrhoid, which can lead to a whole new level of pain. These pesky clots typically form within external hemorrhoids and cause the affected area to become tender, swollen, and extremely uncomfortable, even making it painful to sit down.
Now, before you start panicking, remember that thrombosed hemorrhoids are treatable too. Your doctor might suggest conservative treatments, such as warm sitz baths and over-the-counter pain relievers. In more severe cases, a medical procedure to remove the clot might be necessary. One thing’s for sure, though – the earlier you address the issue, the better your chances of getting relief.
Remember, it’s important not to self-diagnose or ignore the symptoms of hemorrhoids. Consult with your healthcare provider to discuss your concerns and the best treatment options to ensure a comfortable pregnancy, because let’s face it, hemorrhoids aren’t exactly a walk in the park. So don’t let them bog you down in your journey as an expectant mom!
Recognizing the symptoms of hemorrhoids in pregnancy
Let’s face it, pregnancy can sometimes feel like a roller coaster of emotions and physical changes. Your body is going through some pretty significant alterations, and, unfortunately, hemorrhoids can be one of the not-so-pleasant side effects for some expecting mothers. So, how do you know if you’re experiencing hemorrhoids during pregnancy? Look out for the following symptoms.
Swelling around the anus
Swelling of the blood vessels in and around the anus is the primary cause of hemorrhoids. You might notice a small, soft lump near your anus or even feel the swollen blood vessels through the skin. Don’t worry; it’s a common thing during pregnancy and nothing to be embarrassed about.
Pain and itching in the anal region
Hemorrhoids can cause some discomfort and itching in the anal area. It might feel like there’s something in the area that just doesn’t belong. You could even experience some pain, particularly when sitting down for a long period or during a bowel movement. It’s essential to resist the urge to scratch, as this can further irritate the affected area. Keep calm, and try applying a cold compress or taking a warm bath for some relief.
Bleeding during bowel movements
One of the more worrying signs of hemorrhoids is noticing blood on the toilet paper after wiping or in the toilet bowl. While it can be shocking to see, it’s usually not a cause for major concern. The bleeding is typically due to the swollen blood vessels being irritated during a bowel movement. However, it’s always a good idea to notify your healthcare provider if you spot blood, just to be on the safe side.
Difficulty in cleaning after a bowel movement
Hemorrhoids can make it challenging to clean your bottom after going to the bathroom. Since the area is swollen and possibly irritated, it might feel too sensitive to wipe with toilet paper. To maintain proper hygiene without causing more discomfort, consider using unscented and alcohol-free baby wipes or a peri bottle with warm water to gently clean the affected area.
While dealing with hemorrhoids during pregnancy might not be the most enjoyable thing, it’s a common issue that many expectant mothers face. Familiarize yourself with the symptoms and don’t hesitate to reach out to your healthcare provider for advice or treatment options. After all, you’ve got enough on your plate, and managing hemorrhoids shouldn’t have to be an added stress!
Preventive measures for hemorrhoids during pregnancy
Pregnancy is a miraculous journey, but it can also come with some uncomfortable side effects – one of them being hemorrhoids. These swollen veins in the rectal area can cause pain, itching, and even bleeding during bowel movements. But fear not, mama-to-be! There are some preventive measures you can take to decrease the risk of hemorrhoids during pregnancy.
Importance of a high-fiber diet
They say you are what you eat, and that’s especially true during pregnancy. Consuming a high-fiber diet can play a crucial role in preventing hemorrhoids. Fiber helps to maintain regular bowel movements, soften stools, and reduce straining during bowel movements, which can contribute to the development of hemorrhoids.
To increase your fiber intake, opt for whole grain products, legumes, fruits, and veggies. And don’t forget the old adage, “An apple a day keeps the doctor away” – apples are an excellent source of both soluble and insoluble fiber.
Staying hydrated for smooth bowel movements
H2O is your new best friend during pregnancy! Staying well-hydrated not only benefits your overall health but can also help prevent hemorrhoids. Drinking enough water keeps your digestive system functioning smoothly, preventing constipation and minimizing the need to strain during bowel movements. Aim for 8-10 glasses of water a day, and if plain water gets too boring, try adding a splash of lemon or infusing your water with fruits and herbs for a flavorful twist.
Incorporating exercise and physical activity
Regular exercise during pregnancy can work wonders, and preventing hemorrhoids is one of its many benefits. Gentle activities like walking, swimming, and prenatal yoga can help improve circulation in the rectal area, while also strengthening the muscles supporting your growing belly. Exercise can also aid in preventing constipation, which can lead to hemorrhoids.
Always consult with your healthcare provider before starting any exercise regimen during pregnancy to ensure it’s safe for you and your baby.
Safe over-the-counter stool softeners
Sometimes, despite your best efforts, constipation strikes, and that’s when over-the-counter stool softeners can come to the rescue. These products can help make bowel movements easier and pain-free, reducing the risk of hemorrhoids. Look for stool softeners containing docusate sodium or docusate calcium, which are generally considered safe for use during pregnancy. However, always check with your doctor before taking any medication, even if it’s over-the-counter.
By following these preventive measures, you can decrease your risk of experiencing hemorrhoids during your pregnancy, giving you one less thing to worry about as you prepare to welcome your little one.
Natural remedies for hemorrhoids in pregnancy
Hemorrhoids in pregnancy can be a real pain in the butt (literally!), but don’t worry, mama! There are several natural remedies that you can try to ease the discomfort and help you enjoy your prenatal journey. These methods are generally safe, but it’s always a good idea to talk to your healthcare provider before trying anything new. Today, let’s focus on four natural remedies that’ll have you breathing a sigh of relief.
Sitz baths for relief and relaxation
Ah, the simple pleasure of a warm, soothing sitz bath! This age-old remedy is a great way to help relieve pain, itching, and inflammation associated with hemorrhoids. All you need is a shallow basin with warm water (not too hot, not too cold) and a few minutes of peace and quiet.
To prepare a sitz bath, fill your tub or basin with just enough water to cover your hips and buttocks. Soak in the water for 15-20 minutes, gently pat your bum dry, and repeat a few times a day as needed. You can also try adding Epsom salts or essential oils (like lavender oil) to your sitz bath for added relaxation and relief.
Witch hazel for reducing irritation
Witch hazel, a natural astringent derived from the bark and leaves of the witch hazel plant, is a tried-and-true remedy for hemorrhoids. Its anti-inflammatory properties can help reduce swelling, itching, and irritation.
Simply soak a cotton ball or pad with witch hazel and apply it to the inflamed area for a few minutes. Be gentle! You can do this several times a day, after each bowel movement, or even whenever you need some swift relief. Just be sure to avoid using alcohol-based witch hazel, as it can cause further dryness and irritation.
Applying aloe vera for its calming effects
Aloe vera is another natural remedy that can work wonders for hemorrhoids during pregnancy. Known for its soothing, anti-inflammatory properties, aloe vera can help relieve pain, itching, and inflammation.
To use aloe vera for hemorrhoids, simply apply a generous amount of pure aloe vera gel directly to the affected area. You can also refrigerate the gel for a cooling effect. If you’re using an aloe vera plant, cut a leaf and squeeze the gel out, making sure to remove any latex (the yellow part). It’s important to note that some people may have an allergic reaction to aloe vera, so be sure to perform a patch test on your wrist before applying.
Ice packs as a temporary solution
When it comes to hemorrhoids, ice is your cool best friend. Applying an ice pack to the affected area can help constrict blood vessels, reduce swelling, and numb the pain for a little while.
Make sure to wrap the ice pack in a thin cloth or towel before applying it to your skin – you don’t want to freeze your bum! You can apply the ice pack for 10-15 minutes at a time, with 20-minute intervals in between. It’s a great temporary solution when you need quick relief, but don’t forget to explore the other remedies mentioned above for long-term comfort.
By trying out these natural remedies, you can make your pregnancy experience more comfortable and enjoyable. Remember, when it comes to hemorrhoids, there’s no need to grin and bear it! Be kind to yourself, and don’t hesitate to seek the relief you deserve.
Medical treatments for hemorrhoids in pregnancy
Hemorrhoids during pregnancy can be quite the pain in the you-know-where, but luckily, there are several medical treatments that can help ease your discomfort. In this section, we will explore some of the options available to you, including topical creams and ointments, pain relief medications, and when to consider medical procedures. It’s important to remember, though, that you should always consult your healthcare provider before starting any new medications or treatments during pregnancy.
Topical creams and ointments
A variety of over-the-counter (OTC) creams and ointments are available to help soothe the pain, itching, and swelling of hemorrhoids. These products typically contain ingredients like hydrocortisone, which helps to reduce inflammation, or witch hazel, which can help shrink the swollen blood vessels.
When using these products, make sure to follow the instructions on the package and apply only to the affected area – no need to slather it all over the place! Keep in mind, though, that these treatments should be used only for short-term relief and not as a long-term solution. And of course, check with your healthcare provider before using any OTC medications during pregnancy.
Pain relief medications
In addition to topical treatments, there are also oral pain relief medications that can help alleviate the discomfort associated with hemorrhoids. Some common options include acetaminophen (Tylenol) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen (Advil) or naproxen (Aleve). However, it’s crucial to note that not all pain relievers are suitable for pregnant women – NSAIDs, for example, are generally not recommended during pregnancy.
Acetaminophen is usually considered safe to use during pregnancy, but it’s still essential to consult your healthcare provider before taking any medications. They can provide guidance on the appropriate dosage and usage. Remember – just because a drug is available over the counter doesn’t mean it’s automatically safe for you and your baby!
When to consider medical procedures
In some cases, the pain and discomfort of hemorrhoids during pregnancy may become severe enough to warrant more invasive medical treatments. This typically happens when conservative measures, such as topical treatments and lifestyle modifications, have been tried without success.
Some medical procedures that may be considered for treating hemorrhoids during pregnancy include:
- Rubber band ligation: This involves placing a small rubber band around the base of the hemorrhoid, cutting off its blood supply and causing it to shrink and eventually fall off.
- Sclerotherapy: A chemical solution is injected into the blood vessels of the hemorrhoid, causing them to collapse and the hemorrhoid to shrink.
- Surgical removal: In rare cases, a hemorrhoidectomy may be necessary to remove a particularly large or painful hemorrhoid.
It’s important to note that these procedures are typically reserved for severe cases and may not be suitable for all pregnant women. Your healthcare provider can help you determine if any of these treatments are appropriate for your specific situation.
In conclusion, while hemorrhoids can be a literal pain during pregnancy, there are several medical treatment options available to help you find relief. Always consult with your healthcare provider before using any new medications or treatments, and don’t hesitate to reach out if you have concerns or questions about your condition. After all, a comfortable and healthy pregnancy is what everyone wants!
Coping with hemorrhoids postpartum
Coping with hemorrhoids after delivering your baby can be quite a challenge. Not only are you adjusting to life with your newborn, but you’re also dealing with the discomfort that comes with hemorrhoids. But fret not, we’re here to help! In this section, you’ll learn what to expect in the days following delivery, how to manage pain and discomfort, and how to get back to your regular level of activity. Plus, we’ll share some tips on how to prevent hemorrhoid recurrence.
Expectations in the days after delivery
First things first, let’s talk about what to expect in the days following the birth of your baby. Postpartum hemorrhoids, like pregnancy-related ones, are usually temporary and should gradually improve as your body recovers. It might take a few weeks (or even months) for them to shrink and disappear completely, so don’t be alarmed if they stick around a bit longer than you’d like.
In these first few days, it’s vital to stay on top of your hygiene by keeping the anal area clean and dry. Regularly changing your maternity pads and gently cleansing the area with warm water will help to minimize irritation and the risk of infection.
Managing pain and discomfort
Now, let’s discuss how to ease the pain and discomfort that comes with postpartum hemorrhoids. Here are some tried and tested strategies to help you find relief:
- Over-the-counter creams and ointments can provide temporary relief from itching and swelling. Make sure to use products that are safe for breastfeeding mothers.
- Use a sitz bath (a shallow, warm water bath that you sit in) a few times a day for about 15-20 minutes each. Doing this can help soothe and alleviate pain.
- Ice packs wrapped in a soft cloth can be applied to the affected area to help reduce swelling and discomfort.
- Taking over-the-counter pain medications, like ibuprofen, can help manage the pain. As always, double-check with your doctor to ensure these medications are compatible with breastfeeding.
- Consider using witch hazel pads to gently cleanse and cool the affected area.
Resuming regular activity levels
It’s essential to get back into your daily routine once you’ve recovered from giving birth. However, you’ll want to take it slow and easy to avoid putting excess strain on the hemorrhoid area. Gradually incorporate light activities, such as walking or stretching, and avoid heavy lifting or strenuous exercise until your healthcare provider gives you the green light.
When it comes to bowel movements, do your best to avoid constipation, as this can aggravate your hemorrhoids. A high-fiber diet, drinking plenty of water, and taking a stool softener (if needed) can go a long way in maintaining regular bowel movements and keeping constipation at bay.
How to prevent their recurrence
Once you’ve successfully dealt with postpartum hemorrhoids, you’ll want to do your best to prevent them from coming back. Here are some tips for keeping hemorrhoids at bay:
- Maintain a healthy, high-fiber diet to prevent constipation and straining during bowel movements.
- Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water.
- Be mindful of your posture when sitting, and where possible, avoid sitting for prolonged periods.
- Exercise regularly, as this not only improves overall health but can also promote regular bowel movements.
- When using the toilet, avoid straining and give yourself time to avoid rushing the process.
In conclusion, managing postpartum hemorrhoids may take some time and patience, but with a little extra care and attention to your body, you’ll be well on your way to recovery. Remember, you’ve just brought a new life into the world – that’s no small feat! So be gentle on yourself and give your body the time it needs to heal.
Possible complications with hemorrhoids in pregnancy
Hemorrhoids are common during pregnancy, but it’s important to know about the possible complications that can arise. We’ve got you covered with information on anemia due to blood loss, increased risk of infection, and thrombosis in external hemorrhoids, so you can be prepared and vigilant, and know how to act in case these concerns pop up.
Anemia due to blood loss
One alarming possibility is that you could experience anemia as a result of blood loss from your hemorrhoids. Anemia, in a nutshell, is a drop in red blood cells or hemoglobin, which, in turn, could leave you feeling weak, fatigued, and short of breath. Pregnant mothers are already more susceptible to anemia due to the increased demands on their bodies, and if hemorrhoids are adding to that, it can be a double whammy for your overall wellbeing. Keep an eye out for blood loss during bowel movements, and, if you notice it happening regularly, bring it to the attention of your healthcare provider. They can guide you toward the best course of action, whether that’s iron supplements, dietary changes, or treatment options to address the hemorrhoids themselves.
Increased risk of infection
Another complication of hemorrhoids during pregnancy is an increased risk of infection. If hemorrhoids become irritated and start to bleed or secrete pus, there’s a chance that your sensitive, overworked immune system won’t have the bandwidth to keep the area infection-free. To minimize your risk, it’s important to keep your bum as clean and dry as possible. Use soft, moistened toilet paper, or try wiping with a moist flushable wipe instead. It’s also a good idea to keep an over-the-counter soothing hemorrhoid cream on hand, as it can help reduce irritation, itching, and swelling. If you suspect an infection is brewing – like if you’re experiencing increased pain, redness, or even fever – don’t hesitate to speak up to your healthcare provider about what you’re going through.
Thrombosis in external hemorrhoids
Let’s say you’re cruising along in your pregnancy and, suddenly, you notice a tender, swollen, bluish mass in the anal area. Don’t freak out, but it could be a thrombosed external hemorrhoid, meaning that a blood clot has formed within the blood vessel. While it may sound scary, it’s actually a relatively common complication with hemorrhoids in pregnancy, and it’s generally not a cause for major concern. The good news is that it’s typically self-repairing and will resolve on its own within a few weeks (though it may be a painful journey). Sit in warm baths a few times a day for relief, and don’t forget to layer on that over-the-counter hemorrhoid cream. If unbearable pain persists, you can reach out to your healthcare provider – in some cases, they may recommend a simple procedure for removing the clot.
Being aware of these possible complications with hemorrhoids in pregnancy can help you stay proactive in addressing symptoms, understanding potential risks, and communicating with your healthcare team. In the end, it’s all about knowing your body and knowing when to speak up, so you can keep yourself and your baby bump healthy and happy.
When to consult your healthcare provider
Of course, no expecting mother wants to deal with the discomfort of hemorrhoids, but it’s essential to know when to reach out to your healthcare provider for help and guidance. Here are a few signs that it’s time to consult your doctor:
Persistent pain and discomfort
Though hemorrhoids are a common issue faced by many pregnant women, you shouldn’t have to suffer in silence! If you find that the pain and itching are not relieved by home remedies or over-the-counter treatments or that they’re affecting your day-to-day life, it’s time to consult your healthcare provider. They can recommend alternative treatments or rule out any further complications that might be causing the ongoing discomfort. There’s absolutely no need to grin and bear it – after all, you’ve got enough on your plate preparing for your bundle of joy!
Excessive bleeding or pus
Having some slight bleeding is not uncommon with hemorrhoids, but if you find that the blood is more excessive – or is accompanied by pus – you should definitely reach out to your healthcare provider. Excessive bleeding can cause anemia, while pus is often a sign of infection – both of which can be harmful to your pregnancy. Your healthcare provider can assess your symptoms and recommend the appropriate course of action to ensure both you and your baby remain in good health.
Concerns about baby’s health
Lastly, while hemorrhoids themselves are not directly harmful to your baby, there could be concerns about how they might affect your pregnancy. For example, if you’re experiencing severe pain that keeps you up at night, this could be impacting your overall well-being, which in turn could affect your baby. Similarly, if you find yourself feeling very apprehensive or stressed about your hemorrhoids, this could add to the general stress of pregnancy and impact your mental health. If you have concerns about how your symptoms are affecting your baby, reach out to your healthcare provider to discuss your worries and get their professional advice.
In conclusion, while hemorrhoids are an unpleasant but often unavoidable part of pregnancy, it’s essential to keep an open line of communication with your healthcare provider. Be sure to monitor your symptoms, try out different remedies to alleviate discomfort, and seek medical advice when needed. Keep in mind that your health and well-being are vital to both you and your baby, so take care of yourself – and don’t hesitate to ask for help when needed!
FAQs on hemorrhoids in pregnancy
Can hemorrhoids during pregnancy harm my baby?
First things first, don’t freak out. Hemorrhoids during pregnancy are quite common and they do not pose any direct risk to your baby. They’re simply swollen veins in the rectal area, caused by the increased pressure on the pelvic veins due to the growing uterus. Although they can be uncomfortable and sometimes painful for you, they won’t affect your baby’s health.
Do hemorrhoids resolve on their own after pregnancy?
Take a deep breath and relax – in most cases, yes! Hemorrhoids that develop during pregnancy tend to resolve on their own within a few weeks or months after giving birth. As the baby weight and pressure on the veins decreases, so do the swelling and discomfort of the hemorrhoids. However, if you find that they persist long after delivery or if they’re particularly bothersome, it’s a good idea to consult with your healthcare provider for further evaluation and guidance.
How can I minimize the risk of hemorrhoids during labor?
While there’s no surefire way to prevent hemorrhoids completely, there are steps you can take to minimize your risk – and that’s good news for your bottom line! Here are some tips to help you out during labor:
Stay active during pregnancy: Regular exercise helps improve blood circulation and can decrease the pressure on your veins.
Don’t strain during bowel movements: Straining can make hemorrhoids worse, so take your time and don’t force it. Remember, you’ve got all the time in the world, right?
Hydrate and eat a fiber-rich diet: Drinking plenty of water and eating a fiber-rich diet can keep your stools soft, making them easier to pass and reducing the chances that your hemorrhoids will flare up.
Kegel exercises: Strengthening your pelvic floor muscles with Kegel exercises might help prevent hemorrhoids during pregnancy and later during labor. It’s like hitting two birds with one stone!
Is it safe to have a vaginal delivery with hemorrhoids present?
You bet your bottom dollar it is! Hemorrhoids are not a contraindication to vaginal delivery, so unless you have other complications that warrant a C-section, it’s safe to proceed with a vaginal delivery. Keep in mind, though, that pushing during labor might temporarily worsen your hemorrhoids. But don’t worry – your healthcare provider will be there to guide you through it and offer support for your hemorrhoids following your delivery.
In the end, the most important thing to remember is that hemorrhoids during pregnancy, while annoying, are relatively common and rarely harmful. Be proactive in taking steps to minimize your risk, and be patient while they resolve after childbirth. And, as always, don’t hesitate to reach out to your healthcare provider if you’re feeling concerned or overwhelmed!
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